Friday September 14, 2012
Powerhouse China eases pressure on future stars
BEIJING: China’s status as a sporting superpower was achieved on the back of punishing state-led training in schools, but a softer approach has enabled today’s students to seek a life beyond the gym, they say.
China’s Soviet-style sports system has been criticised in the past for its methods in grooming children for sporting success from an early age at the expense of basic education and the conventional comforts of childhood - simply because they have been identified as having future potential.
But sporting authorities in China have embarked on a period of soul-searching in recent years, which has led to a more relaxed training environment for the country’s next generation of sports stars.
Eight-year-old Yu Zhengyang is one of thousands of youngsters in China who is motivated by his own sporting dreams rather than the demands of the state. He said the decision to leave his family home in northern China to devote five hours a day to table tennis training at a school hundreds of miles away was an easy one.
“I want to go to the Olympics. I can play table tennis well so this is my dream. I can win the gold medal,” Yu, now ten years old and two years into his training at Shichahai Sports School in Beijing.
He was recently crowned champion of a major under-12s tournament in China, with one eye on the 2020 Olympics.
Yu’s first year at Shichahai was spent in a school dormitory. But he left the school grounds when his mother and father arrived in Beijing from Shaanxi last year. “I like it more now, living with my parents,” he said.
China began to reassess its high-pressure training system after its rise to sporting superpower status was enshrined by the 51 golds it won at the Beijing Olympics in 2008.
Questions were asked over the true cost of this success, accompanied by widely circulated photos of small children crying in anguish during intense training sessions conducted with little time for rest or socialising. Revelations this year that Olympic champion diver Wu Minxia was not told about her grandparents’ deaths, or her mother’s cancer, for fear of disrupting her training, prompted more concern over China’s state sports system.
Questions were raised over the system after China’s tennis chief recently blamed Li Na’s failure to build on her stunning 2011 French Open victory on a lack of mental strength following her rigid state-organised training.
Fears that China’s athletes are being worked too hard were also raised - often on China’s Twitter-style messaging sites - when star athlete Liu Xiang limped out of the 110m hurdles for the second consecutive Games in London.
Coaches and sports officials in China say they are now focusing on honing existing ambition and talent, rather than subjecting the country’s youngsters to intense training regimes like in the past.
“Students here don’t have to do the tough training that we focused on before,” Shi Fenghua, said vice-principal of Shichahai, which has produced ten Olympic Champions, including three from the London Games.
“What we focus on now is the training quality. We attach great importance to research we have done on this.
Central to this new style of coaching is giving students time to relax.
After China’s gold medal tally dropped to 38 at the London Olympics, chef de mission Liu Peng called the results “satisfactory” - and praised China’s non-medal-winning athletes for showing the Olympic values of fair play and sporting behaviour. — AFP